Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century.
Because of valerian's historical use as a sedative, antiseptic, anticonvulsant, migraine treatment, and pain reliever, most basic science research has been directed at the interaction of valerian constituents with the GABA receptor.
The volatile oils that form the active ingredient are extremely pungent, somewhat reminiscent of well-matured cheese.
Though some people remain partial to the earthy scent, some may find it to be unpleasant, comparing the odor to that of unwashed feet.
Valerian is most often used to treat insomnia. Valerian root extract can be considered an alternative treatment for hypnotic drugs.
Valerian root extract is also sometimes used as an alternative for sedatives, such as benzodiazepines in the treatment of certain anxiety disorders.
valerian extract is used to relieve stress,anxiety and nervousness, reduce muscle tension, and help relieving sleep problems, digestive problems, headaches,stress and arthritis.